Fischau (also known as Vischaw, Fischaw, and Wiscowia; now known as Fiszewo; coordinates: 54.069444, 19.240556 [54° 4′ 10″ N, 19° 14′ 26″ E]; population in 1905, 446; in 2013, 270) is located 13.1 kilometers (8.1 miles) north-east of Malbork (Marienburg), 14.3 km. (8.9 mi.) south-west of Elbląg (Elbing), and 18.3 km. (11.4 mi.) south-east of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof).
Fischau was first mentioned in 1257 as the seat of a commandry. At one time the village probably had a castle. In 1510, Fischau had 49.5 włókas (889 hectares) of land. In 1643, the residents erected a Lutheran church, which was replaced by a new church in 1706, which in turn was replaced in 1886. Until 1772 the village was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which the village was located. Fischau was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the end of World War I, when it came under the jurisdiction of the German province of East Prussia. In 2013 Fischau (now Fiszewo) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Gronowo Elbląskie, within Elbląg County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census mentions one Mennonite family, headed by Dirck Dick. In 1820, the village has 387 residents, including 7 Mennonites, and in 1860, Fischau had 34 houses and was inhabited by Roman Catholics, Lutherans, and 8 Mennonites.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Fiszewo." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 8 February 2013. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=320&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Fiszewo, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship." Web. 8 February 2013.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiszewo,_Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 8 February 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=1533.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||March 2016|
 Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Fischau (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. March 2016. Web. 25 Feb 2017. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Fischau_(Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=133807.
Thiessen, Richard D. (March 2016). Fischau (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 February 2017, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Fischau_(Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=133807.
©1996-2017 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.