Falkenstein was the name of the first Mennonite settlement of Galicia, Poland. It was established in 1784 by seven Mennonite families from Falkenstein in the Palatinate, Germany. The families were Michael Bachmann, Christian Ewy, Daniel Ewy, Peter Krehbiel, Josef Mündlein, Johannes Schräg and his son Jakob Schräg. Johannes Schräg, Peter Krehbiel, and Josef Mündlein with others left Galicia in 1796, joined the Hutterites at Vyshenka, Chernigov, Russia, whence they went to Volhynia and became the progenitors of the Swiss-Volhynian Mennonites of Kansas and Dakota.
The village of Falkenstein was settled in the shape of a cross. It consisted of 36 homesteads, of which 29 were settled by German Lutherans and the seven in the western part of the village by Mennonites. This settlement project was sponsored by the Austrian government, which paid a part of the transportation and prescribed the building plans, each farmer receiving 35 acres of land.
Descendants of the Bachmanns, the Ewys, and other settlers emigrated to America in 1882. In 1934 only two of the original Mennonite farms were still owned by Mennonites and there were altogether five farms owned by Mennonites in Falkenstein.
Bachmann, Peter. Mennoniten in Kleinpolen, 1784-1934: Gedenkbuch zur Erinnerung und die Einwanderung der Mennoniten nach Kleinpolen (Galizien) vor 150 Jahren. Lemberg: Verlag der Lemberger Mennonitengemeinde in Lemberg, 1934: 127-133.
Cite This Article
Krahn, Cornelius. "Falkenstein (Galicia, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 3 Mar 2015. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Falkenstein_(Galicia,_Poland)&oldid=101422.
Krahn, Cornelius. (1956). Falkenstein (Galicia, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 3 March 2015, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Falkenstein_(Galicia,_Poland)&oldid=101422.
Herald Press website.
©1996-2015 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.