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Fürsorge-Komitee (Fürsorgekomitee; Guardians' Committee) was the name of the agency established by the Russian government in 1818 to succeed other agencies to supervise the foreign settlements in Russia, and be responsible for their progress and administration. The full name was Guardians' Committee of the Foreign Colonists in the Southern Regions of Russia (German, Fürsorge-Komitee für die Kolonisten der südlichen Gebiete Russlands). It had its seat originally at Kherson, later at Ekaterinoslav, and finally at Odessa. It had three branch offices; Ekaterinoslav, Kherson, and Bessarabia. At first the Fürsorge-Komitee was subject to the Ministry of the Interior. In 1837 it became subject to the Ministry of Royal Estates. Both agencies were located in St. Petersburg. In 1871 the Fürsorge-Komitee was abolished and the foreign settlers, including the Mennonites, became subject to the provincial and local authorities of their respective settlements and communities.

See also Government of Mennonites in Russia; Bureau of Guardianship of the Foreign Colonies (Russia)

Bibliography

Ehrt, Adolf. Das Mennonitentum in Russland von seiner Einwanderung bis zur Gegenwart. Langensalza: Julius Beltz, 1932.

Isaac, Franz. Die Molotschnaer Mennoniten. Ein beitrag zur geschichte derselben. Aus akten älterer und neuerer zeit, wie auch auf grund eigener erlebnisse und erfahrungen dargestellt. Halbstadt [Russis]: H.J. Braun, 1908.

Rempel, David G. "The Mennonite Colonies in New Russia: A Study of Their Settlement and Economic Development from 1789 to 1914." Ph. D. dissertation--Stanford University, 1933.


Author(s) Cornelius Krahn
Date Published 1956


Cite This Article

MLA style

Krahn, Cornelius. "Fürsorge-Komitee (Guardians' Committee)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 23 Sep 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=F%C3%BCrsorge-Komitee_(Guardians%27_Committee)&oldid=81099.

APA style

Krahn, Cornelius. (1956). Fürsorge-Komitee (Guardians' Committee). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 23 September 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=F%C3%BCrsorge-Komitee_(Guardians%27_Committee)&oldid=81099.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p. 426. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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