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Johannes Theophilus Delphini (Delpini) was a Jesuit priest who was commissioned in September 1764 by Maria Theresa, Queen of Austria-Hungary, to convert the Anabaptists (Hutterites) living at Alwinz in the Hungarian province of Transylvania. With the help of the government and severe measures, such as confiscation of books, compulsory attendance at his sermons, threats and imprisonment, he tried to make them forsake their faith. In the beginning he was not very successful, but after their preacher Joseph Kuhr (or Kohr, Gor) had been arrested and another preacher, Martin Roth (Ruth), had been forcibly "converted," others followed, threatened by imprisonment or tempted by the attractive promises of the government. A large number of them, however, fled to Russia or Turkey in order to keep the faith. In 1768 Delphini returned; his mission was finished; all but a few who suffered in prison had turned Catholic. Their descendants, many of whom are still living in those areas, are sometimes called Habaner.


Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1910): 41, 69.

Eichler, Evan.  "A Brief History of the Hutterian Brethren (1755-1879)." Federation of East European Family History Societies. Accessed 15 December 2007. <>

Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1956

Cite This Article

MLA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Delphini, Johannes Theophilus (18th century)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 29 May 2016.,_Johannes_Theophilus_(18th_century)&oldid=94322.

APA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1956). Delphini, Johannes Theophilus (18th century). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 29 May 2016, from,_Johannes_Theophilus_(18th_century)&oldid=94322.

Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, pp. 31-32. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.

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