Seven martyrs were executed in 1538; one in 1552, seven in 1558, twelve in 1561, eleven in 1568, two in 1569, five in 1570, and two in 1573. The fact that on one occasion 12 and on another 11 were burned at one time suggests that the church was a large one; for otherwise it would not have been possible to capture so many at once. Special mention should be made of Jacob de Swarte (executed at Bruges 15 August 1558), because his entire family was arrested in 1563 in Lille, where his father Jan was deacon; he died at the stake with his wife and four sons. The most important of the martyrs of Bruges were the two preachers and elders, Jacob de Rore or Keersgieter (chandler) and Herman van Vlekwijk, who were burned to death on 18 July 1569. Their cross-examination by Cornelis Adriaensz, and their letters, are given at length in the Martyrs' Mirror.
Nothing further is known concerning the Bruges congregation. With the death of the last martyrs, Mattheus Kuese and Adriaen van der Zwalme (7 August 1573), it was apparently extinct, though in 1636 there were still some Mennonites in or near Bruges. In this year Pieter Hoop and Maerten Languut, Mennonites from the Dutch province of Zeeland visiting the brethren in Bruges, were put in prison here for more than half a year. About the same time other Mennonites living here, as Cornelis Dyserinck, left the city and moved to the Netherlands. After that time there were no Mennonites here.
Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1876): 84; (1877): 7.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. I, 285.
Janssen, Hendrik Q. De Kerkhervorming in Brugge. Arnhem, 1868.
Verheyden, A. L. E. Het Brugsche Martyrologium (12 October 1527-7 Augustus 1573). Brussels, .
Wackernagel, Philipp. Lieder der niederlandischen Reformierten aus der Zeit der Verfolgung im 16. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt: Hender & Zimmer, 1867. Reprinted Nieuwkoop: B. de Graaf, 1965: 130.
|Nanne van der Zijpp|
Cite This Article
Vos, Karel and Nanne van der Zijpp. "Bruges (West-Vlaanderen, Belgium)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1953. Web. 24 Nov 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Bruges_(West-Vlaanderen,_Belgium)&oldid=91261.
Vos, Karel and Nanne van der Zijpp. (1953). Bruges (West-Vlaanderen, Belgium). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 November 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Bruges_(West-Vlaanderen,_Belgium)&oldid=91261.
Herald Press website.
©1996-2014 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.