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Bruchhausen, a hamlet in the district of Heidelberg (Baden), belonged to the monastery Schönau from 1152 to the 16th century, when it was transferred to the domain of the Palatinate, and with its 800 acres of cultivated land and 500 acres of meadow, was one of the five largest estates in the Palatinate. After the Thirty Years' War some Mennonite families expelled from Switzerland were accepted here. The oldest list, found in the State Archives at Karlsruhe, enumerates in 1716 the following heads of families: Melchior Fellmann, H. Jakob Schneider, and H. Jakob Hackmann (Bachmann?); a list of 13 July 1743 names Joh. Bühlher, Melchior Haury, Melchior Fellmann’s widow, Jakob Fellmann’s widow, and Hans Bachmann’s widow; a list of 1759 names Wilhelm Eschelmann, Jos. Graf, Isaak Berky, Jos. Bühler, J. Bachmann, and Michael Neukommer. They belonged to the Mennonite congregation of Rohrhof (Schwetzingen district), which according to a church record of 1731 was served by Jakob Fellmann and Melchior Fellmann of Bruchhausen. At the beginning of the 19th century meetings were also held in Bruchhausen, where there were more Mennonites than at Rohrhof; in 1829 35 Mennonites lived in Bruchhausen, and only 22 in Rohrhof. After 1840 only Bruchhausen was listed as a congregation. Because of emigration it declined rapidly and was dissolved in 1888. Its last preacher and elder was Johannes Neff, who died 8 September 1891.

Bibliography

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. I, 276.

Müller, Ernst. Geschichte der Bernischen Täufer. Frauenfeld: Huber, 1895. Reprinted Nieuwkoop : B. de Graaf, 1972: 211.

Zeitschrift für die Geschichte des Oberrheins (1854): 45.

Maps

Map:Bruchhausen (Baden-Württemberg)


Author(s) Christian Hege
Date Published 1953


Cite This Article

MLA style

Hege, Christian. "Bruchhausen (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1953. Web. 20 Aug 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Bruchhausen_(Baden-W%C3%BCrttemberg,_Germany)&oldid=91254.

APA style

Hege, Christian. (1953). Bruchhausen (Baden-Württemberg, Germany). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 20 August 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Bruchhausen_(Baden-W%C3%BCrttemberg,_Germany)&oldid=91254.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, pp. 443-444. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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