Bollwerk (also known as Bollwerck and Ostrog; now known as Ostróg; coordinates: 54.21364, 19.35997 [54° 12′ 49″ N, 19° 21′ 35″ E]; population in 1905, 368) is located approximately 5.5 kilometers (3.5 miles) north-west of Elbląg (Elbing), 16 km. (10 miles) east of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), and 28.5 km. (18 miles) north-east of Malbork (Marienburg). It is located on the shore of the southern-most point of the Vistula Lagoon (Zalew Wiślany; German - Frisches Haff).
Until 1772 Bollwerk was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province on 31 January 1773, called West Prussia, in which the village was located. Bollwerk was situated in the district (Kreis) of Elbing until the end of World War I, when it came under the jurisdiction of the German province of East Prussia. At the outbreak of World War II in 1939, it came under the control of Nazi Germany. In February 1945 Bollwerk was occupied by Soviet forces and eventually returned to Poland. In 2013 what was once the village of Bollwerk was located east of Nowakowo Trzecie in the administrative district of Gmina Elbląg, within Elbląg County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census lists one Mennonite family, named Wolck, in Bollwerk. In 1820 Bollwerk had 102 inhabitants, of which nine were Mennonite.
Mennonites who were residents of Bollwerk were members of the Elbing-Ellerwald Mennonite Church.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 20 April 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=683.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||April 2013|
Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Bollwerk (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. April 2013. Web. 30 Jul 2015. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Bollwerk_(Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=102996.
Thiessen, Richard D. (April 2013). Bollwerk (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 30 July 2015, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Bollwerk_(Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=102996.
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