Newton Diehl Baker, b. 3 December 1871, d. 25 December 1937, was an American lawyer and public official, and Secretary of War during the administration of President Woodrow Wilson, 1913-1921. He was born at Martinsburg, West Virginia
. His term of office in the War Department extended over the period of World War I
. His understanding of the Mennonite and Historic Peace Church position on nonresistance
and nonparticipation in war was an important factor in securing proper recognition for conscientious objectors
during the war; it may have been due in part to the fact that his wife came from a Church of the Brethren
background. It was he who outlined to the official delegation consisting of Aaron Loucks
, D. D. Miller
, and S. G. Shetler
, appointed by the Mennonite Church General Conference
, the procedure by which conscientious objector draftees could finally be segregated from the army and assigned to other services. He rendered the Mennonites a notable and highly appreciated service by his considerate attitude.
|| S. C Yoder
| Date Published
 Cite This Article
Yoder, S. C. "Baker, Newton Diehl (1871-1937)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1955. Web. 25 Jan 2015. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Baker,_Newton_Diehl_(1871-1937)&oldid=90967.
Yoder, S. C. (1955). Baker, Newton Diehl (1871-1937). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 January 2015, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Baker,_Newton_Diehl_(1871-1937)&oldid=90967.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia
, Vol. 1, p. 214. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press
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