Jacob Adriaensz Backer, born 1608 at Harlingen, Dutch province of Friesland
(where his father, Adriaen Tjercksz, a baker, was a deacon of the Waterlander
Mennonite Church), died 27 August 1651 at Amsterdam
, was a Dutch painter. He was first a pupil of Lambert Jacobsz
, and later on of Rembrandt
, whose way of painting he followed, without reaching the deep penetrating psychology of the master. Yet he was a painter of good reputation and his pictures were in high favor. An "Erection of the Cross" of 1633 is called a master piece. He chiefly painted portraits and groups (corporation and civic-guards pictures). He had many pupils, including Adriaen Backer.
After 1650 the quality of his pictures is inferior to his earlier ones. Many of his paintings must have been lost. He also made many drawings. There is a self-portrait of him, now in the museum of Lyons (France). About his life very little is known; likely he was unmarried.
Bauch, Kurt. Jakob Adriaensz Backer: ein Rembrandt-Schüler aus Friesland. Berlin, 1912.
Martin, Willem. De Hollandsche schilderkunst in de zeventiende eeuw. 3rd ed. Amsterdam : Meulenhoff, 1944: 112-114.
Oud-Holland: tijdschrift voor Nederlandse kunstgeschiedenis 42 (1925): 278; 43 (1926): 289-292.
|| Nanne van der Zijpp
| Date Published
Cite This Article
van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Backer, Jacob Adriaensz (1608-1651)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1955. Web. 13 Feb 2016. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Backer,_Jacob_Adriaensz_(1608-1651)&oldid=90959.
van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1955). Backer, Jacob Adriaensz (1608-1651). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 13 February 2016, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Backer,_Jacob_Adriaensz_(1608-1651)&oldid=90959.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia
, Vol. 1, p. 204. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press
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