Altenau (also known as Altenowo; now known as Starynia; coordinates: 54.0837, 18.9427 [54° 5′ 1″ N, 18° 56′ 33″ E]; population in 1905, 73; in 2012, 60) is located approximately 9 kilometres (6 miles) north-west of Malbork (Marienburg), 18 km. (12 mi.) south-west of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), and 38 km. (24 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig). It was situated north-east of Simonsdorf, north-west of Heubuden, and south of Klein Heubuden, Klein Lichtenau, and Groß Lichtenau.
Altenau was established in 1399. Until 1772 Altenau was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Altenau was located. Altenau was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2012 Altenau was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Lichnowy, within Malbork County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census lists three Mennonite families with the following surnames: Fast, Toews, and Van Riesen. In 1820, the village had 56 residents, including 20 Mennonites. In 1885, the village had 481 hectares of land, 111 Catholics and Lutherans, and 34 Mennonite.
Mennonites who were residents of Altenau were members of the Heubuden Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Starynia." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 15 December 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=442&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Starynia, Pomeranian Voivodeship." Web. 15 December 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Starynia,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 15 December 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=131.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||December 2012|
 Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Altenau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. December 2012. Web. 27 Feb 2015. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Altenau_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=124538.
Thiessen, Richard D. (December 2012). Altenau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 27 February 2015, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Altenau_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=124538.
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